Tag Archive | "Arctic Systems"

AWR – everyone ready for the end of the world?


It’s happening on Saturday and no, I don’t mean Scotland beating England by eight points. Although that would be fun for us Welsh…

No, Saturday is the day the eagerly anticipated Agency Workers Regulations come into force. And for such a significant event – and not just significant in our little world of contracting but in its potential impact on the UK economy and businesses – it all seems remarkably low key. And I find that both surprising and just a shade encouraging.

Of course it could be because everyone understands the new world and have prepared accordingly. Well not us Limited Company contractors of course, since we are out of scope so don’t have to do anything. This didn’t stop one poor soul asking questions about how he could persuade his agency that he was actually in scope. God knows why he thought that might be a good idea. Of course, he may simply be winding us all up – very occasionally that seems to happen on the internet, you know – and for his sake I hope that’s the case.

And, needless to say, there have been questions about does it really, really apply because of the ominous “genuinely in business” caveat the BIS or DBERR or whoever they are decided to add in for the fun of it. To which the answer is who knows, until it goes to court. Which I suspect it won’t, but you never know.

That reminds me of one of the better ideas I heard over the weekend. A group of us were pondering the work of the OTS (remember them? They’re still going you know) and how they could better focus their efforts. OK, so perhaps some of us should get out more, or perhaps drink less, but we found it worthy of discussion. The suggestion was made that the OTS could very usefully start with the various tax laws that have required a court case or two in order to figure out just what the hell the real rules are. Still, I digress…

So clearly the umbrellas and the agencies are well prepared, to the extent that I’ve heard of one agency that was trying to get its contractors to move to the right vehicle – PAYE through an agency, umbrella or limited Company – depending on their rates. Which is slightly deranged in one way but you can see the logic of it. So well done all.

But it does beg an interesting question. Why?

I mean, why is everyone so well prepared? Previous changes of similar magnitude – stopping MSCs, killing off some of the more imaginative offshore schemes, the Arctic Systems case, even IR35 itself – sort of burst upon a world that wasn’t really ready for them. That doesn’t seem to happen any more.

And that’s down to the wonderful Law of Unintended Consequences. In 1999, when the well-known failed tax-evader Ms Primarola introduced IR35, the aim was to punish us uppity freelancers by smacking us in the pocket. After all, given the recently released Freedom of Information answer that showed how pitifully ineffective IR35 has been financially, it clearly wasn’t done for the money. Or very well, come to that. But what it did do was galvanise a bunch of us uppity freelancers to fight back. And now, ten years on, HMG is not only listening to what we say, they are asking us what we think before they do it. Doesn’t mean they have the brains to listen, mind – else why do we have the AWR in its current foggy form – but at least we get the chance to publicise and explain things well ahead of their implementation. Which has to be a good thing.

So hopefully the AWR will do what it’s meant to do and protect the vulnerable and leave those who don’t need that level of care well alone. And we won’t get any more nasty surprises.

About the author: Alan Watts

Alan has worked in IT for most of the last 35 years, and first went freelance in 1996. He has been a PCG member from its start and has been spreading the message that freelancing is a professional career choice for many years. Alan also runs Malvolio’s Blog, a personal but highly informative take on the life of the modern freelance.

Alan Watts, Principal Consultant, LPW Computer Services

© 2011 All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited.

Image: Family Circus Redemption Project #31 by cutup

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Am I in scope or not? Nope, no idea…


I‘m spending quite a lot of time these days sitting on the train between home and work. It’s not enough time to do the Times crossword, nor to dig out the laptop and do half a day’s work. Even if it were the “aircraft-style seating” is exactly that, too cramped to allow you to do anything apart from sit and stare out of the window.

Doing that, you can’t help but notice the huge amount of hardware that is spread around the edges of our railway system. There are boxes of all sizes, some with arrays of cabling, some seemingly freestanding. There are odd little plaques on station platforms next to the track with sliders on that serve no obvious purpose. Some boxes are labelled but many are not. And all this on top of all the signals and points and speed limit signs and so on. you expect to see anyway.

And all this complexity so you can get on a train, be moved though a series of connections and arrive within two feet of where you got off yesterday. In other words, that complex infrastructure doesn’t impact on you in the slightest; you can get to where you’re going without having to think about it at all.

So what a shame that same approach doesn’t apply to legislation

I’ve been looking at two different set of documents recently, the clarification of the Agency Workers Regulations and some of the material around the latest position on ICTs. These are complex subjects, admittedly, but in essence the aim of the documentation is to allow you to determine to what extent the relevant legislation affects you personally. And I think both have failed in that aim.

The AWR guidance, apart from containing more typos and grammatical errors than I’ve seen in a hundred other HMG papers combined, is bafflingly opaque on perhaps its most fundamental question: am I as a freelance with my own company in scope of these regulations or not? Nope, no idea…

The reason, apparently, is because the authors want to be able to exclude artificial avoidance measures taken by the unscrupulous. They do this by including lots of fuzzy wording that’s open to interpretation. So to pursue the railway analogy, the points may be set to take you to Wales, but you may still end up in Cornwall. Why, nobody knows.

It’s the same with ICTs. The criteria are clearly stated: for example, work here for up to 12 months and you have to be paid £24,000 a year in salary. Except they haven’t defined “salary”, they haven’t defined what allowances go to make up that salary and some of their attempted clarifications are actually mutually exclusive.

Now these documents have been written by clever, educated people who have a solid grasp of the matter in hand. You have to conclude that the ambiguities in the documents are deliberate. You may accept that this is to minimise the risk of avoidance of the rules, but I’m afraid I don’t. As I said to my previous MP when debating the Arctic case, the best way to avoid people breaking the rules is the make the rules binary. You can’t really apply uncertainty theory to a set of points and expect to end up on the right track.

All in all, it’s a hell of a way to run a railway.

About the author: Alan Watts

Alan has worked in IT for most of the last 35 years, and first went freelance in 1996. He has been a PCG member from its start and has been spreading the message that freelancing is a professional career choice for many years. Alan also runs Malvolio’s Blog, a personal but highly informative take on the life of the modern freelance.

Alan Watts, Principal Consultant, LPW Computer Services

© 2011 All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited

Image: Fishers of people by LivingOS

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Hector rides again


You may recall a while back that Arctic Systems was major news. A case that was taken all the way to the House of Lords where, to the great relief of many, HMRC’s assertion that a husband and wife could not share the profits of their company was comprehensively thrown out. S660a does not apply between spouses; end of. So I was more than a little surprised to read this week that HMRC had just lost another S660a case on appeal.

So just what the hell is going on?

The difference between Arctic and this later case – Pattmore vs HMRC – is to a rational mind utterly trivial. Whereas in Arctic the shares were identical, in Pattmore they were non-voting shares. In other words, they were purely a source of income for the spouse. This, it seems, warrants prosecuting the Pattmores under S660a and demanding they pay £20,000 more in taxes.

Luckily, the judge at the Tier 1 Tribunal ruled that the circumstances of the share ownership did not fulfil the criteria for an S660a settlement. Therefore Mr Pattmore was not liable for the tax HMRC said he owed on Mrs Pattmore’s dividend income. Gosh, who’d have thought it…

OK, so good news for the Pattmores, but slightly more worrying news for the rest of us small businesses. That HMRC feel they are justified in pressing this case in the face of a very solid ruling from the highest court in the land almost beggars belief.

I don’t know about you but I thought that HMRC’s duty was to collect taxes owed in line with the legislation in place. Not to chance their arm pressing a case that any sane person would have thought impossible to win, and one that would seem to be vindictive at best.

However that is not the only concern. In the last budget, Osborne raised the spectre of a General Anti-Avoidance Rule, or GAAR for short, which aims to simplify the boundary between acceptable and unacceptable avoidance. Now this might be something worth doing if it is to be applied consistently and fairly and if the boundaries are clearly defined. The bit that worries me is that phrase “applied consistently”: I really don’t have a lot of faith that an organisation that would bring the Pattmore case should be entrusted to apply what would be a largely subjective assessment. And come to that, an assessment that almost certainly would be disputed and so need a court case to establish the answer. Déjà vu, anyone?

And finally, just to confuse things even further, there are mutterings in the press about HMG relaxing their stance on avoidance in general. No idea what that means yet, but we will no doubt find out soon. If true, it would be welcome; there are far more worthy targets than UK’s 4.2 million freelance workers.

But the obvious conclusion to my mind is that Mr Osborne needs to look at the mindset of HMRC very carefully before he starts giving them something as potentially dangerous as the GAAR to play with. Hector needs to re-learn what he is there to do. Chasing un-winnable cases is not it.

Alan Watts can found at LinkedIn.
© 2010 All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited.

Image: dude_wtf by caseyhelbling

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